Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Lilacine Amazon (Amazona lilacina)


French: Amazone lilacée German: Ecuadoramazone Spanish: Amazona lilacina

Amazona (psittacus) Lilacina


, 1844,

vicinity of Guayaquil, Ecuador


Usually considered conspecific with A. autumnalis and A. diadema, but differs in its all-black upper mandible (2); red of forecrown continuing over eye (2); lilac of crown not extending onto nape (2); paler, clearer green cheek (ns[1]); possibly no red on chin (ns[1]); narrow, sharp yellow edges of wing-coverts and flight-feathers (ns[1]); retiring, non-aggressive behaviour (quite different at least from autumnalis#R) (ns[1]); smaller bill (tiny museum sample size supplemented by photographs; 1). Specific status considered appropriate also in unpublished recent taxonomic study#R. Monotypic.


W Ecuador.

Descriptive notes

31–35 cm. Previously considered conspecific with allopatric A. autumnalis (and A. diadema), although it has been suggested that the present species... read more


No known differences between this species and A. autumnalis.


Disturbed forest fragments and probably frequents a variety of forest habitats, including dry scrub... read more

Food and feeding

No specific data.


Season reported to be Jan–Mar, but no further information.


None known, although seasonal variation in numbers at one roost site in SW Ecuador has been... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES II. Occurs widely but very sparsely on Pacific slope of Ecuador, where fieldwork in Nov 2012 and Feb 2014 led to an estimate of at least 304 individuals... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Lilacine Amazon (Amazona lilacina). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).