French: Courlan brun German: Rallenkranich Spanish: Carrao
Scopolax [sic] Guarauna
Subspecies and Distribution
A. g. pictus
(F. A. A. Meyer, 1794) – Florida, Bahamas, Cuba and Jamaica.
A. g. elucus
J. L. Peters, 1925 – Hispaniola; extirpated from Puerto Rico.
A. g. dolosus
J. L. Peters, 1925 – SE Mexico (from S Veracruz and SE Oaxaca) to W Panama (Bocas del Toro); has recently spread to WC Mexico (Nayarit, Colima).
A. g. guarauna
(Linnaeus, 1766) – C & E Panama and South America (except arid W coast, Andes, most of N Amazon Basin, and extreme S).
56–71 cm; male 1420 g (nominate, n = 1), male 1130–1370 g, female 880–1170 g (race pictus); wingspan 100+ cm. All darkish oily brown, with... read more
Perhaps most vocal at dusk and by night, calling both from the ground and atop trees, with the most... read more
Freshwater river and lake margins, open freshwater marshes, margins of mangroves, and in some areas... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds primarily on apple snails (Pomacea), but also takes other aquatic snails, and mussels; in terrestrial habitats, diet... read more
Nesting season varies with region: Feb–Jun in Florida, all months in Cuba, Apr–Nov in Jamaica, Apr–Jun in Hispaniola, Jul... read more
Sedentary in many areas, although in Florida partial migration occurs in some breeding habitats,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally common with extensive distribution. In Florida and West Indies, many populations decimated by hunting in late 19th century... read more
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