Family Falcons, Caracaras (Falconidae)

Least Concern

Lined Forest-falcon (Micrastur gilvicollis)


French: Carnifex à gorge cendrée German: Zweibinden-Waldfalke Spanish: Halcón montés cabecigrís

Sparvius gilvicollis


, 1817,

no locality = Cayenne


Name pelzelni is a synonym of this taxon. A member of the M. ruficollis clade#R. Recently split as valid species from M. ruficollis. Often considered to include M. plumbeus as race. Monotypic.


E Colombia through S Venezuela to the Guianas, and S throughout Amazonia.

Descriptive notes

33–38 cm; 170–262 g (average 209 g); wingspan 51–60 cm. Back pale grey; white below, with barring very variable in extent, from heavy all over, to much... read more


Most common vocalization is a nasal "cow-káh", "cow káw-káw... read more


Prefers undisturbed primary tropical forests in lowlands and foothills, although occurs in reduced... read more

Food and feeding

Not well documented. Lizards and large insects; some birds; in French Guiana, mostly snakes. Hunts primarily in forest understorey. Follows... read more


Almost no information, despite the species being widespread and relatively abundant. Only reported nest was a stick nest, but this would be... read more


Probably largely sedentary. Three radio-tagged birds followed from Mar–Jun in Brazil had home... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Probably the most abundant diurnal raptor over much of lowland forest of Amazonia, where it attains very high densities;... read more

Recommended citation

Bierregaard, R.O., Jr, Boesman, P. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Lined Forest-falcon (Micrastur gilvicollis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).