Family Bustards (Otididae)

Near Threatened

Little Brown Bustard (Heterotetrax humilis)


French: Outarde somalienne German: Somalitrappe Spanish: Sisón somalí

Sypheotides humilis


, 1855,



DNA sequences suggest close phylogenetic relationship to the Little Bustard (Tetrax tetrax)#R. Monotypic.


E Ethiopia and N Somalia.

Descriptive notes

c. 40 cm; 700 g. Upperparts light orange-brown with pale grey clouding and minute black vermiculations, tail with 2–3 thin bars; head, neck and breast buffy with grey... read more


Gives a rattling 'ka-ki-rak-ka-ki-rak', often in the evening.


Dry, sandy, grassland with bushes, light open thornbush and adjacent tussock grass plains. Habitats... read more

Food and feeding

Virtually no information available. Known to take insects, small molluscs and seeds.


In Somalia, April–August, chiefly May–June. Nest placed on sandy soil, usually without a scrape. Usually 2 eggs, but up to 3... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Currently considered Near Threatened. Fairly common in Ogaden, E Ethiopia, and common N of 7° N in Somalia. However, drought and... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Little Brown Bustard (Heterotetrax humilis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).