Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Little Green-pigeon (Treron olax)


French: Colombar odorifère German: Graukopf-Grüntaube Spanish: Vinago chico

Columba olax


, 1823,



Affinities uncertain, but may be allied with the T. vernansT. bicinctus group, or perhaps with T. fulvicollis. Monotypic.


Peninsular Thailand and Malaysia S through Sumatra, including Riau Archipelago, Bangka and Belitung, to Borneo (including Natuna Is) and W Java.

Descriptive notes

21–22 cm; 77 g. Plump, compact and short-tailed; the smallest Treron. Head, upper half of neck and hindneck dark blue-grey becoming pale blue-grey on forehead... read more


A rhythmic sequence of rather high-pitched melodious overslurred whistles, with the complete song... read more


Forests, parks, gardens and second growth up to 1400 m. May be most common in lowland and foothill... read more

Food and feeding

Frugivorous; known to feed on wild figs, but no further details available on diet. Typically seen in small flocks of up to 8 birds; feeds... read more


Little information available. Recorded in Feb in S Borneo; Apr and Jun in Sumatra; and Jun in Borneo. Builds flimsy nest of live twigs,... read more


Nocturnal migration has been recorded from watchpoint on Fraser's Hill, Malaysia, with records... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Few precise details available, but species described as being locally common in Sumatra and Borneo; very rare in lowland forests of W Java. No... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Little Green-pigeon (Treron olax). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 5 April 2020).