Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Little Hermit (Phaethornis longuemareus)


French: Ermite nain German: Brauner Zwergschattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño chico

Trochilus Longuemareus


, 1832,



One of the small hermits sometimes separated in genus Pygmornis. Usually considered to include P. idaliae, P. atrimentalis and P. striigularis; morphological characters, however, indicate that they should be treated as separate species, the last two not even very close to present species. Proposed race imatacae is based on hybrid of present species with P. rupurumii. Disjunct population of Serranía de los Pijiguaos (NW Bolívar, C Venezuela) may merit investigation#R. Monotypic.


Trinidad and NE Venezuela E to French Guiana; isolated population in C Venezuela (NW Bolívar).

Descriptive notes

9 cm; male 1·5–3·8 g, female 2·5–3·8 g. A small hermit hummingbird with olive-green upperparts, orange-ochraceous belly, white... read more


Song is a short high-pitched phrase repeated incessantly, at rate of c. 1 phrase/second. Phrase... read more


Typically occurs in understorey of various more open forest habitats like swamp and mangrove forest... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of Heliconia, Pachystachys, Costus, Palicourea, Mandevilla, Justicia, ... read more


Season Dec–Jun, but most nests Jan–Mar in Trinidad. Active nests were found in Jan and Aug in Surinam; Jan, Jul and Aug in... read more


No information available. Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common to locally common. In the Arima Valley of Trinidad, population densities of at least 3–5 pairs/km²; at... read more

Recommended citation

Hinkelmann, C., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Little Hermit (Phaethornis longuemareus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 November 2019).