French: Manchot pygmée German: Zwergpinguin Spanish: Pingüino enano
Other common names:
White-flippered Penguin (albosignata)
J. R. Forster
Dusky Sound, South Island, New Zealand
Subspecies and Distribution
E. m. novaehollandiae
(Stephens, 1826) – S Australia and Tasmania.
E. m. iredalei
Mathews, 1911 – N North I, New Zealand.
E. m. variabilis
Kinsky & Falla, 1976 – S North I, Cook Strait.
E. m. albosignata
Finsch, 1874 – E South I, New Zealand.
E. m. minor
(J. R. Forster, 1781) – W & S South I, Stewart I.
E. m. chathamensis
Kinsky & Falla, 1976 – Chatham Is.
40–45 cm; c. 0·5–2·1 kg. By far the smallest penguin, blue-grey above, and very short-tailed. Nominate race has most of head and entire... read more
Very noisy at colony, especially at night. Utters variety of protracted trills, braying sounds,... read more
Temperate marine waters. Typically nests on sandy or rocky islands, often at base of cliffs or in... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly pelagic shoaling fish, such as Australian anchovy (Engraulis australis), Australian pilchard (Sardinops neopilchardus... read more
Egg-laying mostly in Jul–Dec, with peak Aug–Nov, but recorded in all months, timing apparently varying with locality and year;... read more
Sedentary. Adults, in particular, stray little from breeding colonies when nesting, and after... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally common. Global population very difficult to estimate; perhaps 1,000,000 individuals in 1980s. Believed to be declining.... read more
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