#R, Santiago Island (James), Galapagos.
Usually considered conspecific with P. rubinus and †P. dubius (which see). Differs from former in its smaller size (effect size vs Ecuadorian birds, all male, −6.86; score 3); paler red underparts in male (1); greatly reduced (sparse and narrow or absent) vs dense broad breast streaking in female (2); breast to belly buffy yellow vs whitish with pink towards vent in female (2); split supported by recent DNA study#R. Monotypic.
Galapagos Archipelago (except San Cristóbal and some of the small islands).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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