Family Old World Flycatchers and Chats (Muscicapidae)

Least Concern

Littoral Rock-thrush (Monticola imerina)


French: Monticole du littoral German: Dünenrötel Spanish: Roquero litoral

C[ossypha]. imerina


, 1860,

St Augustine Bay, south-eastern Madagascar


Sometimes conspecific with one or both of M. sharpei and M. erythronotus; these three often separated in Pseudocossyphus, but genetic evidence#R#R and shared possession of derived juvenile plumage support their inclusion in present genus. Monotypic.


Coastal SW & S Madagascar (Salary Nord, where recently recorded#R, S to Cap Sainte-Marie and L Anony).

Descriptive notes

16 cm. Sexes like respective sexes of M. sharpei, but longer-billed, with no rufous in tail; male much greyer on head, breast and mantle; female greyer, with pale... read more


Song consists of various repeated short scratchy phrases, including “cheearr tu-tu-tu... read more


Sub-arid sandy coastal shrubland, often on dunes or coral rag, having medium-sized (up to 4 m tall... read more

Food and feeding

Berries, fruit and insects. Forages by hopping along ground; if disturbed, flies to higher perch and adopts characteristic upright posture... read more


Oct–Feb. Territory size estimated at 1 ha. Nest a bowl made of lichens, moss and other fibrous material, strengthened with feathers,... read more


Sedentary, so far as is known.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in South Malagasy Spiny Forests EBA. Recently recorded at Salary Nord, c. 120 km N of previously known range... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. & de Juana, E. (2020). Littoral Rock-thrush (Monticola imerina). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 January 2020).