Family Bush-warblers (Scotocercidae)

Least Concern

Livingstone's Flycatcher (Erythrocercus livingstonei)


French: Érythrocerque de Livingstone German: Gelbbauch-Spreizschwanz Spanish: Monarca de Livingstone
Other common names: Livingstone's Flycatcher-warbler

Erythrocercus Livingstonei

G. R. Gray

, 1870,

Zumbo, Zambia–Mozambique border


Race thomsoni intergrades with francisi in Lisungwe Valley (S Malawi). Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. l. thomsoni Shelley, 1882 – S Tanzania S to S Malawi and N Mozambique (S to R Lurio).
  • E. l. livingstonei G. R. Gray, 1870 – S Zambia, Zambezi Valley, N Zimbabwe and NW Mozambique.
  • E. l. francisi W. L. Sclater, 1898 – S Malawi S to NE Zimbabwe (R Mazowe and R Ruenya) and S Mozambique.
  • Descriptive notes

    10–12 cm. Small and elegant flycatcher with distinctive rufous tail having variable subterminal black. Nominate race has forehead to hindneck, lores and ear-coverts... read more


    Song a short warbling series of 4–6 notes, “switterweedlewii”, may be given on its own or... read more


    Gallery forest, including both primary forest and degraded forest, damp areas within forest and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet largely unknown; presumably small invertebrates. Usually in pairs or small family groups, and in non-breeding season may join mixed-... read more


    Season Dec–Jan in Zambia, Dec–Mar in Malawi, and Feb–Mar in Mozambique. Nest ball-shaped, with side entrance, made of... read more


    Mainly resident; post-breeding disperal and wandering within range in non-breeding season.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon or locally common. Present in several protected areas, e.g. Liwonde National Park (Malawi).

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. (2020). Livingstone's Flycatcher (Erythrocercus livingstonei). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 February 2020).