French: Courlis à long bec German: Rostbrachvogel Spanish: Zarapito americano
Subspecies and Distribution
N. a. parvus
Bishop, 1910 – SC British Columbia E to S Saskatchewan, and S in USA to NE California and South Dakota; winters from California (irregularly N to Washington) and Louisiana S to Mexico.
N. a. americanus
Bechstein, 1812 – NE Nevada E to South Dakota and S to C Utah, C New Mexico, NW Oklahoma and N Texas; winters from California and Texas S to Mexico, Guatemala and El Salvador.
50–65 cm; males 445–792 g, females 630–951 g; wingspan 87 cm. Large cinnamon-coloured curlew with droplet-shaped bill tip; fairly large eye; upperparts... read more
Up to eight calls described, the most frequent of which are the “curluoo” whistle comprising two... read more
Prairies, including damp meadowland, grain fields, grazed mixed grass and drier short-grass areas,... read more
Food and feeding
Adult and larval insects. During non-breeding season often feeds on burrow-dwelling crustaceans (e.g. mud crabs and shrimps), also on... read more
Lays Apr–May, exceptionally late Mar (NC Oregon), with replacement nests recorded until early Jul. Density 0·6–2·... read more
Relatively short-distance migrant, which arrives on breeding grounds early, mid Mar or early Apr (... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Population size of race americanus was not certainly known, although in the region of 23,000 birds were estimated to be... read more
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