Jalna, Nilgiri Hills, southern India.
Previously regarded as conspecific with A. nyassae. Race winterbottomi of A. cinnamomeus has sometimes been treated as a race of present species. Race bannermani considered a separate species by some authors. Taxonomy complex, and listed ranges somewhat tentative; revision required, with a preliminary genetic study indicating that Palearctic (Israel) and E African (Kenyan) forms are more closely related than latter are to S African populations#R. Race arabicus is possibly inseparable from nivescens#R, primarius is sometimes merged with nicholsoni, and travancoriensis potentially synonymous with nominate#R. Other described races are josensis (from C Nigeria) and chapini (Cameroon), both included in bannermani; neumannianus (Ethiopia) and chyuluensis (Chyulu Hills, in Kenya), included in hararensis; moco (WC Angola) and hallae (Uganda), inseparable from dewittei; and cockburniae (Nilgiris), synonymous with nominate. The taxon “Long-tailed Pipit Anthus longicaudatus”, recognized in HBW, has been shown to be an amalgam of the present species and A. vaalensis, and is invalid#R; similarly, “Kimberley Pipit Anthus pseudosimilis”, recognized in HBW, is an amalgam of the present species, A. cinnamomeus and A. hoeschi, and is invalid#R. Nineteen subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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