Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Long-billed Spiderhunter (Arachnothera robusta)


French: Arachnothère à long bec German: Langschnabel-Spinnenjäger Spanish: Arañero piquilargo

Arachnothera robusta

S. Müller and Schlegel

, 1845,

Indrapura, western Sumatra


Proposed race uropygialis, described from Malay Archipelago, synonymized with nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. r. robusta S. Müller & Schlegel, 1845 – S Myanmar (extreme S Tenasserim)#R, S Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo.
  • A. r. armata S. Müller & Schlegel, 1845 – Java.
  • Descriptive notes

    21–22 cm. Male has very long bill. Male nominate race is olive above, slight dark scaling on crown, remiges edged yellowish, tail blackish-brown, outer two feather... read more


    Song a rising “choi, choi, choi, choi…”. Flight call high-pitched “chit-chit, chit-chit”; harsh “... read more


    Various forest types, including dipterocarp, heath forest, peatswamp-forest and coniferous forest,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet includes caterpillars and other soft insects, mantids, also spiders (Araneae); also small flowers and fruits of creepers, and nectar,... read more


    Season Feb–Jun/Jul in Malay Peninsula; laying recorded Sept in Sumatra (Jambi) and Jan, Apr–Aug and Dec in Java; in Borneo,... read more


    No information.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Rare in Thailand and Sumatra; fairly common in Peninsular Malaysia; scarce in Borneo; locally common at sea-level in Java, but generally rare.

    Recommended citation

    Cheke, R. & Mann, C. (2019). Long-billed Spiderhunter (Arachnothera robusta). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 September 2019).