Family Thrushes (Turdidae)

Least Concern

Long-billed Thrush (Zoothera monticola)


French: Grive montagnarde German: Bergerddrossel Spanish: Zorzal piquilargo

Zoothera monticola


, 1832,

Simla–Almora area, Himalayas


Sister to Z. marginata (which see). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • Z. m. monticola Vigors, 1832 – Himalayas from Himachal Pradesh E to NE India and NW & W Myanmar; possibly adjacent S China (NW & SW Yunnan)#R. Non-breeding at lower altitudes and possibly in SE Bangladesh (Chittagong Hills)#R.
  • Z. m. atrata Delacour & Greenway, 1939 – N Vietnam (W Tonkin).
  • Descriptive notes

    26–28 cm; 115–131 g. A stout, massive-billed thrush. Nominate race is dark olive-brown with indistinct narrow blackish scalloping above, brown wings; crown and... read more


    Song, produced only for short period (mostly less than 10 minutes) at dusk and dawn, a series of... read more


    Breeds in undisturbed undergrowth of damp, shady forests of fir, bamboo and rhododendron, also... read more

    Food and feeding

    Invertebrates; earthworm in one stomach. Forages amid damp leaf litter and open muddy patches of ground, searching for invertebrates by... read more


    May–Jul. Nest a bulky cup of vegetation, lined with fine fibres, placed 2–7 m up in tree fork or on branch. Eggs 3–4,... read more


    Generally sedentary, but with altitudinal movements in winter; some short local migration, but... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Previously considered Near-threatened. Still considered to be rare and local, even in most suitable habitat, in Nepal. Scarce in Myanmar and Vietnam. read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. (2020). Long-billed Thrush (Zoothera monticola). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).