French: Harelde kakawi German: Eisente Spanish: Pato havelda
Other common names:
Arctic Europe and America
Circumpolar, breeding on Arctic coasts of North America (Alaska, Canada and Greenland), Europe (Scandinavia) and Asia (Russia). Winters S as far as Oregon, Great Lakes and N Carolina in USA, SW Greenland, Iceland, Britain, Baltic and North Seas, and in Pacific from Kamchatka S to Korea; also several inland areas.
Male 51–60 cm (of which tail up to 15 cm), female 37–47 cm; male c. 650–900 g, female 550–800 g; wingspan 65–82 cm. Unmistakable. Has Anas... read more
Rather vocal, even in winter, in flocks, calls very distinctive and considered “outstanding among... read more
Breeds on small tundra lakes, pools, bogs, rivers and coastal sites of high Arctic, but generally... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly crustaceans, molluscs, other marine invertebrates (echinoderms, worms), fish and, in fresh water, insects and their larvae; also a... read more
Starts May/Jun; at Churchill (Manitoba) laying typically initiated 3–23 Jun, but occasionally from late May in N Europe. Long-term or... read more
Migratory, moving in large flocks at night (including overland, e.g. from White Sea to Gulf of... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. Monitoring data from Baltic Sea, where W Siberian and N European populations winter indicate significant decline since early 1990s at least. Total world... read more
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