Family Shrikes (Laniidae)

Least Concern

Long-tailed Fiscal (Lanius cabanisi)


French: Pie-grièche à longue queue German: Langschwanzwürger Spanish: Alcaudón colilargo

Lanius cabanisi

E. J. O. Hartert

, 1906,

Mombasa, Kenya




S Somalia, S & SE Kenya (from E of L Victoria E to coast; occasional observations N of equator) and NE & S Tanzania (S to Kilosa and Dar es Salaam; outlying population Usanga Flats).

Descriptive notes

26–30 cm; male 70–80 g, female 69 g. A large and robust shrike with very long, graduated tail and strong, heavy bill. Male has forehead, crown, nape and upper... read more


Very noisy; main calls often in chorus, harsh chattering scolding notes and whistles. Notes... read more


Open dry habitats such as almost treeless savannas, in shrubby open woodland and cultivated patches... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, mainly beetles (Coleoptera) and Orthoptera; regularly also small verte­brates such as lizards, snakes and young birds; will... read more


Breeds May–Jun in Somalia, Jan–May, Aug–Oct and Dec in Kenya, and Jan and Jun in Tanzania. Despite close similarity to co... read more


Resident; wanderers sometimes appear slightly S of regular breeding range in Tanzania, suggesting... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Generally common in relatively small range. This species’ habitat is probably not at any immediate risk, but survey recommended. Main threats... read more

Recommended citation

Yosef, R. & International Shrike Working Group (2020). Long-tailed Fiscal (Lanius cabanisi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).