Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Long-tailed Parakeet (Psittacula longicauda)


French: Perruche à longs brins German: Langschwanzsittich Spanish: Cotorra colilarga

Psittacus longicauda


, 1783,



Forms tytleri and nicobarica differ morphologically and vocally both from each other and from all other races#R, and may represent two distinct species; this view supported by recent study, which suggested that current internal taxonomy renders this species polyphyletic#R. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. l. tytleri (A. O. Hume, 1874) – Andaman Long-tailed Parakeet – Andaman Is and nearby Coco Is.
  • P. l. nicobarica (Gould, 1857) – Nicobar Long-tailed Parakeet – Nicobar Is.
  • P. l. longicauda (Boddaert, 1783) – Common Long-tailed Parakeet – Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore through Sumatra, Nias and Bangka to Borneo.
  • P. l. defontainei Chasen, 1935 – Natuna Is and Karimata (off W Borneo), Riau Archipelago and Belitung; possibly this race in Anambas Is.
  • P. l. modesta (Fraser, 1845) – Enggano Long-tailed Parakeet – Enggano I (off SW Sumatra).
  • Descriptive notes

    40–48 cm; 168–196 g. Upper mandible red, lower blackish red; crown and area above line from cere to eye dark green; area from mandible and chin tapering onto... read more


    Flight call a short nasal “kyeh” repeated at intervals, but groups in flight may noisily call in... read more


    An extreme lowland species, ranging up to 300 m but preferring areas in coastal regions, including... read more

    Food and feeding

    Specific items include outer covering of betel nuts Areca catechu, papaya Carica papaya, ripe Pandanus fruit,... read more


    Generally Dec–May in Malaysia; Jun in Kalimantan; Oct on Sumatra; Feb–Apr in Andamans and Nicobars. Nest in hole in tree, in... read more


    Poorly understood fluctuations in numbers occur throughout range. In some parts of range, large... read more

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Previously considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Until recently, very common and widespread in S Kalimantan; locally common on Sumatra, where however formerly... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Sharpe, C.J. & Boesman, P. (2020). Long-tailed Parakeet (Psittacula longicauda). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2020).