Jamaica; error = Bogotá, Colombia.
Closely related to A. coelestis and A. berlepschi, and all three sometimes lumped but differ in morphology and altitudinal range; hybridization seems very limited in areas of contact. Race emmae has been considered a separate species, usually incorporating caudatus or mocoa, or both, as races. Thorough review required: specimen material more variable than suggested from written diagnoses, and new arrangements of species and subspecies may emerge. Proposed forms Chalcostigma purpureicauda and Zodalia thaumasta, both known only from single specimens, are apparently hybrids of present species and Lesbia victoriae; Neolesbia nehrkorni, known only from two specimens, appears to be a hybrid of present species with Ramphomicron microrhynchum, or perhaps with Thalurania furcata or T. colombica. Six subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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