Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Longuemare's Sunangel (Heliangelus clarisse)


Taxonomy

French: Héliange de Clarisse German: Longuemare-Sonnennymphe Spanish: Colibrí de Clarissa
Taxonomy:

Ornismya clarisse

Longuemare

, 1841,

Bogotá, Colombia

.

Variously treated as conspecific with H. spencei and/or H. amethysticollis, but differs from latter in its much smaller green frons set in blackish vs moss-green crown and head sides (3); much narrower but much whiter breastband (2); much more iridescent green lower breastband (2); more uniformly green central belly with little, if any, buff mottling (ns[2]). One case of hybridization between present species and Heliodoxa leadbeateri recorded. Proposed taxon dubius, known only from two trade skins, may be a melanistic form of present species. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. c. violiceps Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1953 – Sierra de Perijá, along Colombia–Venezuela border.
  • H. c. verdiscutus Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1955 – Tamá region of E Colombia and W Venezuela.
  • H. c. clarisse (Longuemare, 1841) – E Andes of Colombia (Norte de Santander to Cundinamarca) and adjacent W Venezuela.
  • Descriptive notes

    9–10 cm; 5·0–6·0 g. Bill blackish and straight. Male shining dark bronzy-green above with dusky crown and a narrow glittering blue-green frontlet;... read more

    Voice

    Call (race verdiscutus) a repeated dry, upward-inflected “tsik” or “tsit”, at rate of c. 1... read more

    Habitat

    Mainly inhabits borders of humid cloudforest and dwarf forest, but can occasionally be found in... read more

    Food and feeding

    Territorial. Usually forages at flowers at low to medium height, generally between 0·6 m and 6 m above ground, often along streams,... read more

    Breeding

    Birds in breeding condition May–Aug in Sierra de Perija and NE Colombia. The nest consists of moss and fine plant material and is... read more

    Movements

    Sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Generally common or fairly common; no potential threats identified to date. Considered abundant, at least seasonally, in upper Quinimar... read more

    Recommended citation

    Heynen, I., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Longuemare's Sunangel (Heliangelus clarisse). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55576 on 10 December 2018).