Family Bustards (Otididae)


Ludwig's Bustard (Neotis ludwigii)


French: Outarde de Ludwig German: Ludwigtrappe Spanish: Avutarda de Namibia

Otis Ludwigii


, 1837,

South Africa




Extreme SW Angola through W Namibia to S South Africa.

Descriptive notes

Male 85 cm, 4200–6000 g; female 2200–2500 g. Upperparts brown finely vermiculated with buff, tail similar with broad dark bars, white wing panel, usually... read more


Displaying male inflates the neck and utters a deep barking 'woodoomp' every 15–30 seconds.


Open lowland and upland plains with grass and light thornbush, sandy open shrub veld and semi-... read more

Food and feeding

Invertebrates, small vertebrates and vegetable matter have all been recorded, but strong evidence of movement with rains in pursuit of... read more


Aug–Dec. Nest is a scrape on bare ground often among stones, on crest of low ridge or hill slope. Eggs 2; chick has reddish down... read more


Species is partial migrant towards SW from the more northerly and interior summer rainfall region (... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES II. The total global population size is incompletely known, pending assessment of the Namibian subpopulation. The South African population in 2010 was... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Ludwig's Bustard (Neotis ludwigii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).