Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Luzon Flameback (Chrysocolaptes haematribon)


French: Pic de Luçon German: Luzonsultanspecht Spanish: Pito sultán de Luzón

Picus Haematribon


, 1827,

India? = Luzon, Philippines


Until recently, considered a subspecies in the C. lucidus group of taxa (C. guttacristatusC. stricklandi, C. strictusC. erythrocephalusC. haematribon, C. lucidus and C. xanthocephalus). Differs from geographically adjacent and morphologically closest relative, C. lucidus (sensu stricto; see that species), in having black vs dirty yellow ground colour of female’s head (3); blackish ear-coverts and rear neck sides (2); no extensive broad buff spotting on underparts but, instead, more densely spotted with smaller spots on throat (2), cutting rapidly to a very weakly marked dirty yellowish-tinged buff from mid-breast to vent with obsolete soft-edged scaling or barring (ns[1]); and slightly more crimson (less scarlet) crown (male) and upperparts (ns[1])#R. Proposed race grandis (Polillo) considered too poorly differentiated to warrant recognition; described forms montium (N Luzon) and ramosi (S Luzon) likewise invalid. Monotypic.


N Philippines: Luzon, Polillo, Marinduque and Catanduanes.

Descriptive notes

c. 28–32 cm; 110–145 g. Male has dull red crown and crest bordered below by thin black line, long whitish supercilium broken by black spotting, moustachial and malar regions... read more


Emits rapid staccato series of notes, “di-di-di-di”, similar to calls of congeners. Details of... read more


Primary forest, secondary forest, plantations; requires presence of at least some large trees.... read more

Food and feeding

Few data. Presumably feeds on small invertebrates such as ants and beetles. Often in pairs.


No specific information. Season presumably during period Jan–May.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Not uncommon to locally fairly common. Global population not yet quantified. Believed to be declining in numbers as a result of... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Luzon Flameback (Chrysocolaptes haematribon). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).