French: Calao de Manille German: Luzon-Tariktikhornvogel Spanish: Cálao chico de Luzón
Other common names:
Luzon Tarictic Hornbill
Manila, Luzon, Philippines
Subspecies and Distribution
P. m. manillae
(Boddaert, 1783) – Luzon, Marinduque, Catanduanes and adjacent islets, in N Philippines.
P. m. subniger
McGregor, 1910 – Polillo Is (Polillo, Patnanongan), in N Philippines.
45 cm; male 395–479 g, female 470–475 g. Small hornbill with prominently ridged bill. Male nominate race creamy on head, neck and underparts, blackish ear-coverts... read more
A repeated, nasal “tuc” or “ta-ruc”, often extended to “ta-ruc-tuc-tuc-tuc-tuc” (hence its... read more
Primary evergreen dipterocarp forest in lowlands, riverine forest, and even single fruiting trees... read more
Food and feeding
Figs and other fruits recorded, but probably also eats insects and other small animals. Occurs in small groups of up to 15 birds.
Lays in Mar–Apr. Monogamous, some with immature helpers from previous season, and territorial. Nest in natural cavity in large forest... read more
Apparently sedentary and territorial.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Previously considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Luzon EBA. Was formerly common on Luzon, and appears still... read more
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