French: Gorfou doré German: Goldschopfpinguin Spanish: Pingüino de macarrones
J. F. Brandt
S Atlantic and S Indian Oceans, mostly on islands of Subantarctic, but breeding in small numbers S to Antarctic Peninsula.
70–71 cm; 3·1–6·6 kg. Robust-billed penguin with yellow erectile crest starting on forecrown. Adult has entire head and upperparts black, except for... read more
Very noisy at colony. Repeated loud braying and raucous trumpeting accompanied by head-... read more
Marine and apparently pelagic. Colonies sited on flat ground or steep slopes, often among scree or... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly crustaceans, especially euphausiids (Euphausia superba, Euphausia vallentini, Thysanoessa); also some... read more
Arrival at colony Sept–Nov, egg-laying in Oct/Dec. Colonial, forming compact, often large colonies. Nest a shallow depression on... read more
Dispersive. Pre-moult period at sea variable with latitude, 12–14 days at South Georgia, 32... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. Current estimated global population c. 9,000,000 pairs; thought to have declined rapidly since 1980s. Largest populations at South Georgia (c. 2,500,000 pairs),... read more
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