Family Penguins (Spheniscidae)


Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus)


French: Gorfou doré German: Goldschopfpinguin Spanish: Pingüino de macarrones

Catarrhactes chrysolophus

J. F. Brandt

, 1837,

Falkland Islands


Sometimes considered to include E. schlegeli (but see that species). Known to have hybridized with E. chrysocome in Falkland Is, and several hybrids were paired (and apparently rearing young)#R. Monotypic.


S Atlantic and S Indian Oceans, mostly on islands of Subantarctic, but breeding in small numbers S to Antarctic Peninsula.

Descriptive notes

70–71 cm; 3·1–6·6 kg. Robust-billed penguin with yellow erectile crest starting on forecrown. Adult has entire head and upperparts black, except for... read more


Very noisy at colony. Repeated loud braying and raucous trumpeting accompanied by head-... read more


Marine and apparently pelagic. Colonies sited on flat ground or steep slopes, often among scree or... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly crustaceans, especially euphausiids (Euphausia superba, Euphausia vallentini, Thysanoessa); also some... read more


Arrival at colony Sept–Nov, egg-laying in Oct/Dec. Colonial, forming compact, often large colonies. Nest a shallow depression on... read more


Dispersive. Pre-moult period at sea variable with latitude, 12–14 days at South Georgia, 32... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Current estimated global population c. 9,000,000 pairs; thought to have declined rapidly since 1980s. Largest populations at South Georgia (c. 2,500,000 pairs),... read more

Recommended citation

Martínez, I., Christie, D.A. & Jutglar, F. (2018). Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2018).