Species

HBW Alive provides full accounts for every bird species known to science up to June 2013, including distribution maps and color illustrations. Check out these recently updated species or search the species you want.

Explore the following sample species accounts to better understand the monumental work that lies behind these pages.

Come back often! The sample species are being rotated every month.

Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea)

Taxonomy:

Platalea pygmea

[sic] Linnaeus, 1758, Suriname = eastern Asia.

Hitherto usually placed in monotypic genus, Eurynorhynchus, but sometimes included in present genus; recent study supports its treatment within...

Descriptive notes: 14–16 cm; male averages 29·5 g, one female 34 g; wingspan 32–38 cm. Small wader closely resembling other Calidris, but has spatulate bill; in summer, red-brown head, neck and breast with dark brown streaks; upperparts...
figure, drawing, illustration of Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea)

Pacific Wren (Troglodytes pacificus)

Taxonomy:

Troglodytes hyemalis [sic] (var. pacificus

) S. F. Baird, 1864, Simiahmoo, Puget Sound, Washington.

Until recently considered conspecific with T. troglodytes and T. hiemalis, given great morphological consistency, but acoustic and...

Descriptive notes: 9–11 cm; 8–12 g. Small, dark wren with short tail, small bill and pale supercilium, chin and throat. Upperwing-coverts rufous-brown with darker barring; primaries and secondaries brown, barred darker; upper breast light wood...
figure, drawing, illustration of Pacific Wren (Troglodytes pacificus)

Mexican Jay (Aphelocoma wollweberi)

Taxonomy:

Aphelocoma wollweberi

Kaup, 1855, #R, Zacatecas, Mexico; restricted to Valparaíso Mountains.

Until recently considered conspecific with A. ultramarina, but molecular evidence#R points to a...

Descriptive notes: 28–32 cm; male 84–150 g, female 77–137 g. Small, chunky, crestless jay, dull bluish above and dingy below, with fairly heavy, pointed bill; bill length varies significantly with season, shorter in winter. Nominate race...
figure, drawing, illustration of Mexican Jay (Aphelocoma wollweberi)

Malay Eared-nightjar (Lyncornis temminckii)

Taxonomy:

Lyncornis Temminckii

Gould, 1838, Borneo.

Previously placed in genus Eurostopodus. Race jacobsoni of L. macrotis may belong in present species...

Descriptive notes: 25–28 cm. Sexes similar. Shows distinct "ears"; upperparts brown speckled buff, pale buff and cinnamon, crown boldly spotted with blackish-brown; thin buff nuchal ­collar; wing-coverts brown, speckled and spotted...
figure, drawing, illustration of Malay Eared-nightjar (Lyncornis temminckii)

Pygmy Tit (Psaltria exilis)

Taxonomy:

Psaltria exilis

Temminck, 1836, Java.

Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: 8·5–8·7 cm. A tiny, long-tailed, nondescript aegithalid with short, stubby, broad-based bill. Head is drab greyish-brown, tinged cinnamon on forehead; upperparts, including upperwing, medium grey with brownish tinge...
figure, drawing, illustration of Pygmy Tit (Psaltria exilis)