Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Madagascar Blue-pigeon (Alectroenas madagascariensis)


French: Founingo bleu German: Madagaskarfruchttaube Spanish: Paloma azul malgache
Other common names: Red-tailed Blue-pigeon

Columba madagascariensis


, 1766,



Closely related to A. sganzini and A. pulcherrimus. Monotypic.


N & E Madagascar.

Descriptive notes

25–28 cm. Throat and neck silvery blue grey; upperparts dark blue, silvery grey upper mantle; underparts dark blue, but breast silvery blue-grey and undertail-coverts... read more


Rather silent. Occasionally utters short low-pitched grunts or groans.


Mostly in E Madagascar, from sea-level up to 2000 m in undisturbed rain forest and degraded forest... read more

Food and feeding

Virtually nothing known; plucks fruit from bushes or trees. Usually observed in pairs, but sometimes in groups of 3–12 birds.


Recorded Oct–Dec. Nest is a platform of interlaced twigs placed on a horizontal tree fork, 6–20 m above ground. Lays 1 white... read more


Seasonal movements into the western region of the island have been noted, where species apparently... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Widely distributed through NW & E Madagascar, with old records from the SW coast and W savanna; in E, apparently less common on coastal plain.... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Madagascar Blue-pigeon (Alectroenas madagascariensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2019).