Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Critically Endangered

Madagascar Fish-eagle (Haliaeetus vociferoides)


French: Pygargue de Madagascar German: Madagaskarseeadler Spanish: Pigargo malgache

Haliaetus [sic] vociferoïdes

Des Murs

, 1845,



Closely related to H. vocifer; the two are sister to the pair H. leucogaster and H. sanfordi#R. Monotypic.


Coastal W Madagascar#R#R.

Descriptive notes

60–66 cm; 2200–2700 g (male), 2800–3500 g (female); wingspan 165–180 cm. White tail against overall brown plumage distinctive; sharply defined white... read more


Very vocal at all seasons and times of day, even before dawn. Loud, shrill, gull-like “ko ko... read more


Shores of seas, lakes and large rivers, favouring rocky offshore islands and wooded perimeters,... read more

Food and feeding

Mostly surface-dwelling fish, including introduced Tilapia, and some crabs; occasionally carrion. Coastal birds appear to... read more


Laying late May–mid Jul, with overall season extending until Dec. Displays, both aerial and vocal, start mid Apr. Builds (both sexes... read more


None recorded; range now much reduced. Territory size 24–273 ha and home range 244–487... read more

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. CITES II. Extremely small and probably declining global population; possibly stable over longer period. Confined to W coast of Madagascar, where total... read more

Recommended citation

Kemp, A.C., Kirwan, G.M. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Madagascar Fish-eagle (Haliaeetus vociferoides). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 January 2020).