Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Madagascar Green-pigeon (Treron australis)


French: Colombar maïtsou German: Madagaskar-Grüntaube Spanish: Vinago malgache

Columba australis


, 1771,

south-eastern Madagascar


With the exception of the more distinct T. waalia, the green-pigeons of African mainland and islands form a closely related group, within which species limits have been much debated. Present species of Madagascar has often been considered conspecific with T. calvus of the mainland, and hitherto considered to include T. griveaudi as a race.  It differs from T. griveaudi on account of its green vs greyish crown and neck (2); undertail-coverts chestnut with broad cream fringes vs all-chestnut (2); legs and feet yellowish-orange vs reddish-purple (specimens in NHMUK; ns[2]);  red vs grey cere#R (2); different voice (“somewhat higher-pitched, more rapid and more musical”#R) (at least 1).Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. a. xenius Salomonsen, 1934 – W Madagascar.
  • T. a. australis (Linnaeus, 1771) – Madagascar E of the high plateau.
  • Descriptive notes

    32 cm; 168–256 g. Head, neck and breast bright yellow-green with an olive tinge, becoming greyish green on flanks; vent and tibial feathers mottled dark green and... read more


    A series of low, soft mournful whistles, lasting 5–10 seconds and usually slowing towards the... read more


    Inhabits a variety of wooded and forest types, including open coastal woodland, dry spiny forest (... read more

    Food and feeding

    Frugivorous; diet includes figs (Ficus), with remains of 65 Ficus fruits found in single crop; also observed feeding on... read more


    Reported nesting in Sept–Dec. Presumably monogamous. Nest is a loosely constructed flat structure of twigs and moss, built by both... read more


    No information available, but rare presence in spiny forest is reportedly seasonal. Flight very... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. No precise details of population size are available but the nominate race is widely distributed and often common, albeit easily overlooked. Race ... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Madagascar Green-pigeon (Treron australis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 December 2019).