Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Least Concern

Madagascar Partridge (Margaroperdix madagarensis)


French: Caille de Madagascar German: Perlwachtel Spanish: Perdiz malgache

Tetrao madagarensis


, 1786,



Genus is sister to Coturnix#R. Emendation of species name to madagascarensis or madagascariensis is not justified, as present spelling is the original one. Monotypic.


Madagascar (except extreme S).

Introduced to Reunion.

Descriptive notes

c. 26–30 cm; c. 220–250 g. Small hindclaw. Slightly larger male quite unmistakable, with striking patterns on head and underparts. Female all dull brownish, but... read more


Considered to be generally rather silent. Advertising call is apparently a loud, repeated “... read more


Forest areas and brushland, mostly frequenting secondary habitats; also found in grassland,... read more

Food and feeding

Few data available, other than that stomach contents of one female consisted solely of small seeds; also feeds on berries, roots and... read more


Mating system unknown. Probably territorial. Nests in Mar–Jun on High Plateau, though female specimen taken in SE Madagascar in Sept... read more


No information available; presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: vulnerable. Considered a candidate for inclusion in Red Data Book in 1985. Formerly common in E & C Madagascar, but... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Madagascar Partridge (Margaroperdix madagarensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).