Family Kinglets and Firecrests (Regulidae)

Least Concern

Madeira Firecrest (Regulus madeirensis)


French: Roitelet de Madère German: Madeiragoldhähnchen Spanish: Reyezuelo de Madeira

Regulus Madeirensis


, 1851,

“laurel forests in the less frequented parts”, Madeira


Formerly treated as conspecific with R. ignicapilla, but shows strong morphological, vocal and genetic differences from all races of latter; genetic divergence between the two species comparable to that between R. satrapa and R. regulus. Monotypic.



Descriptive notes

8–9 cm; 7 g. Male has deep orange-yellow crownstripe, bordered by broad black lateral stripes which meet across forehead, pale orange patch on lower forehead; short,... read more


Territorial song of three parts, consisting mainly of modified innate vocalizations; introduced by... read more


Laurel (Laurus) forest with large tree-heath (Erica arborea), also mixed forest... read more

Food and feeding

Arthropods; prefers large-sized prey such as moths and caterpillars (Lepidoptera), as does its continental counterpart R. ignicapilla... read more


Most nest records in Jun and Jul. Typical regulid cup-nest made of mosses, lichens and spider webs, suspended in twigs of large tree-heath... read more


Resident; post-breeding descent to lower areas.

Status and conservation

Not assessed. Restricted-range species: present in Madeira and the Canary Islands EBA. Fairly common; almost certainly not globally threatened. Although this species is not... read more

Recommended citation

Martens, J. & Päckert, M. (2020). Madeira Firecrest (Regulus madeirensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).