Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Magellanic Woodpecker (Campephilus magellanicus)


French: Pic de Magellan German: Magellanspecht Spanish: Picamaderos de Magallanes

Picus Magellanicus

P. P. King

, 1827,

Straits of Magellan




Andes of S Chile from Curico to SW Isla Grande (Tierra del Fuego), and in forested parts of adjacent SW Argentina.

Descriptive notes

36–38 cm; male 312–363 g, female 276–312 g. Large, distinctive woodpecker. Male has entire head and long crest red, normally some black and white bars of... read more


Most common calls explosive, nasal, of 2 notes, “pi-caá” to “keé-... read more


Mature Nothofagus forest and Nothofagus-Cupressus forest, often with... read more

Food and feeding

Grubs and adult beetles. Food items delivered to nestlings in Argentine Patagonia included wood-boring larvae (57·6%), arachnids (13... read more


Oct–Jan. Crest-raising a common display. Nest-hole excavated at 5–15 m above ground, in large tree with dead parts, entrance... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Not uncommon; perhaps locally common; probably decreasing. Occurs in several protected areas, e.g. Nahuelbuta, Vicente Pérez Rosales, Torres... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Magellanic Woodpecker (Campephilus magellanicus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).