French: Colibri de Rivoli German: Violettkron-Brillantkolibri Spanish: Colibrí magnífico
Subspecies and Distribution
E. f. fulgens
(Swainson, 1827) – Magnificent Hummingbird – mountains of SW USA (SE Arizona, SW New Mexico, and probably SW Texas) S through most of Mexico to Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and NC Nicaragua.
E. f. spectabilis
(Lawrence, 1867) – Admirable Hummingbird – highlands of Costa Rica and W Panama.
11–13 cm, 7·0–7·5 g; race spectabilis 12–14 cm, male c. 10 g, female c. 8·5 g. Male has stout, straight, black bill;... read more
Presumed song a long series of repeated, loud, sharp “tchik” or “tcheep” notes at rate of c. 1·2–1·... read more
Typically at elevations between 1500 and 2500 m. Sometimes above 3000 m in Costa Rica, although... read more
Food and feeding
Floral nectars from several plant species, including Crisium, Penstemon, Agave americana, A. parryi,... read more
May–Jul in USA (probably true for all migratory populations); in Central America Nov–Jul with peaks during winter flowering... read more
Populations in N and possibly C Mexico migrate N in late autumn or early spring to extreme N Mexico... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. In USA, artificial feeders maintain unusually large populations that exceed available natural food sources. Susceptible to... read more
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