Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Magnificent Hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens)


French: Colibri de Rivoli German: Violettkron-Brillantkolibri Spanish: Colibrí magnífico

Trochilus fulgens


, 1827,

Temascáltepec, Mexico


Race spectabilis appears to be moderately distinctive, with stronger green back, slightly deeper green glittering throat and richer glittering purple crown. Populations within S portion of range of nominate have been separated as race viridiceps, but validity highly dubious and no constant differences apparent. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. f. fulgens (Swainson, 1827) – Magnificent Hummingbird – mountains of SW USA (SE Arizona, SW New Mexico, and probably SW Texas) S through most of Mexico to Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and NC Nicaragua.
  • E. f. spectabilis (Lawrence, 1867) – Admirable Hummingbird – highlands of Costa Rica and W Panama.
  • Descriptive notes

    11–13 cm, 7·0–7·5 g; race spectabilis 12–14 cm, male c. 10 g, female c. 8·5 g. Male has stout, straight, black bill;... read more


    Presumed song a long series of repeated, loud, sharp “tchik” or “tcheep” notes at rate of c. 1·2–1·... read more


    Typically at elevations between 1500 and 2500 m. Sometimes above 3000 m in Costa Rica, although... read more

    Food and feeding

    Floral nectars from several plant species, including Crisium, Penstemon, Agave americana, A. parryi,... read more


    May–Jul in USA (probably true for all migratory populations); in Central America Nov–Jul with peaks during winter flowering... read more


    Populations in N and possibly C Mexico migrate N in late autumn or early spring to extreme N Mexico... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. In USA, artificial feeders maintain unusually large populations that exceed available natural food sources. Susceptible to... read more

    Recommended citation

    Powers, D.R. & Boesman, P. (2020). Magnificent Hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2020).