China; error = Malabar Coast, western India.
Often considered conspecific with G. theklae, but proof of close relationship lacking; differs from G. cristata by its shorter, deeper, straighter bill (allow 2); mostly blackish upper mandible (2); heavier streaking above (1); and smaller size (independent of bill size; allow 2); moreover, possibly parapatric with cristata in N of range (area of near-contact between the two forms worth studying for evidence of cline, which might alter specific rank accorded here). Named race propinqua, known only from Londa district (Bombay), considered indistinguishable from other populations. Monotypic.
SW India S from SE Gujarat.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!