French: Calao de Malabar German: Malabarhornvogel Spanish: Cálao coronado
Other common names:
Indian Pied Hornbill
Philippines; error = Mahé, Calicut Province, India
W India (Western Ghats S from S Maharashtra), E India (from SW West Bengal and Bihar to Andhra Pradesh) and Sri Lanka.
65 cm. Medium-sized, pied hornbill with all-white belly, trailing edge to wings and outer tail feathers. Male has bill pale yellow with black cutting edges and base; huge... read more
A series of raucous screams “rrraah...rrraah...rraah...” and a variety of loud, shrill squeals and... read more
Margins of evergreen forest, tall deciduous woodland, and more open patches of forest and... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly fruits; also a few leaves, and whatever small animals it can capture. Fruits from at least 17 plant species recorded; figs and ... read more
Lays in Mar–Sept, mainly during rainy season. Nest in natural cavity 3·5–15 m up in tree, sealed by female with little... read more
Generally considered sedentary in India, with only local movements in search of food; reported to... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Currently considered Near-threatened. General decline in numbers throughout range, especially in W India and Sri Lanka; now rare in... read more
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