Malabar Coast of western India.
Usually treated as conspecific with T. virgatus, but split#R followed here, as it differs from races T. v. pelvicus, jugans, verneyi, annectens, mekongensis, hainanus and latouchei in its larger black mask (1); darker, greyer crown to tail (2; 3 vs last three named forms); and song with two notes vs one (4), slightly lower pitch (1) and generally greater overall length (ns)#R. Differs from T. v. fretensis, virgatus and frenatus in its larger black mask (1); much larger size (at least 2, on tail length probably 3); and same vocal differences as above. Monotypic.
SE Gujarat (Surat Dangs) and Western Ghats (S from Goa), in W peninsular India.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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