Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.
Previously placed in genus Alcedo. Recent molecular studies, however, indicate that this species (with thomensis and nais) is part of a clade of closely related species that includes also C. madagascariensis, C. leucogaster and C. vintsioides#R#R; C. cristatus and C. vintsioides appear to be sister-taxa, with C. leucogaster as sister to this pair#R. Often considered to include both C. thomensis and C. nais as races (see those taxa, below). Subspecific taxonomy has been somewhat disputed; races cyanostigma and longirostris have sometimes been lumped within nominate#R, e.g. in HBW; birds of Eritrea and neighbouring areas have been separated as stuartkeithi, but doubtfully distinct#R, and in any case the name cyanostigma would be applicable to this form; Botswana race previously listed as robertsi but, with transfer of species to Corythornis, name longirostris is no longer preoccupied. Four subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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