Family Finches (Fringillidae)


Malay Bullfinch (Pyrrhula waterstradti)


French: Bouvreuil malais German: Malaiengimpel Spanish: Camachuelo malayo

Pyrrhula waterstradti

E. J. O. Hartert

, 1902,

Mt Tahan, northern Pahang, Malaysia


Hitherto treated as conspecific with P. nipalensis, but differs in its white vs brown-grey cheeks (3); pale grey and unmarked vs pale-scaled dark brown crown with blackish frons (2); slightly shorter bill, wing and tail (at least 1); seemingly distinctive call (in only known recording), a repeated rather emphatic fast double note “pi-piu”, not reported from other taxa (at least 1). Monotypic.


Mountains of Peninsular Malaysia (Selangor E to Pahang).

Descriptive notes

16–17 cm; 18·6–23 g. Medium-sized to large bullfinch. Adult male has forehead and crown dove grey, finely barred or scaled blackish, lores, upper cheeks and chin black, lower... read more


Calls, given by both sexes, apparently in contact and perhaps also advertisement, include a... read more


Resident in the canopy of upper montane to lower montane forest, at least in breeding season having... read more

Food and feeding

Almost nothing known, but said to consume berries of Baeckia and Leptospermum. No further information on diet or foraging... read more


Nestbuilding reported in Feb, Mar and May–Jul, with eggs reported in late Apr but nestlings in both mid Feb and Aug (latter known to have... read more


None definitely known, although there is some evidence of small areas at lower edge of range being... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: confined to the Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia EBA. Generally considered to be common to uncommon, and is reported to be most numerous... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Malay Bullfinch (Pyrrhula waterstradti). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).