Sumatra; type from either Bengkulu or Padang.
Has alternatively been placed in genus Euplocamus, but recent genetic work found no evidence that Lophura as currently constituted is polyphyletic#R. At one time considered a distinct species, and here reinstated as such, differing from L. ignita in its continuous dark blue belly with narrow white stripes on flanks vs broad chestnut with no stripes (3); white vs pale rufous on central rectrices (3); and female’s rich chestnut vs blackish tail (2); legs said to be predominantly red/reddish vs grey-green, but according to many photographs legs very variable in both forms [ns]. Form macartneyi (of which sumatrana is a synonym), from SE Sumatra (from Palembang S to Lampung), is here considered an unstable hybrid between L. rufa and a hypothesized relict (or introduced) population of L. ignita, which is known from Bangka, an island adjacent to the area in which macartneyi-type birds have been found; no two specimens of macartneyi in museums are alike#R. Described forms delacouri and albipennis, formerly synonymized with macartneyi#R, are invalid. Monotypic.
Malay Peninsula (S from Isthmus of Kra) and Sumatra.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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