French: Bihoreau malais German: Wellenreiher Spanish: Martinete malayo
Other common names:
Subspecies and Distribution
G. m. melanolophus
(Raffles, 1922) – SW India in Western Ghats (S to Nilgiris and S Kerala); NE India (Assam) E to S China, Taiwan and Ryukyu Is, S through SE Asia to Philippines; winters in Sri Lanka, Malay Peninsula and Greater Sundas.
G. m. minor
Hachisuka, 1926 – Nicobar Is.
45–49 cm; 377–451 g; wingspan 86–87 cm. Identified by rufous neck, black cap and crest, white-tipped primaries and chestnut-barred back; separated from ... read more
Several calls described including “arh, arh, arh” in flight, a single low-pitched “kwok” similar to... read more
Lowland wooded swamps, streams and marshes in dense tropical and subtropical forest in areas of... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly insects (e.g. beetles), molluscs, large earthworms, frogs, lizards, snakes and probably to lesser extent small fish. In S Japan,... read more
Very little known. In SW India, May–Aug during heavy rains; in Assam (NE India) and Bangladesh, mainly May–Jun, but fledgling... read more
Little known. Partial migrant: at least some from SW India apparently migrate in Oct/Nov to Sri... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Previously considered Near Threatened and population is overall estimated at 2000–20,000 individuals, or 1300–13,000... read more
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