Family Cuckoos (Cuculidae)

Least Concern

Mangrove Cuckoo (Coccyzus minor)


Taxonomy

French: Coulicou manioc German: Mangrovekuckuck Spanish: Cuclillo de manglar
Taxonomy:

Cuculus minor

J. F. Gmelin

, 1788,

Cayenne

.

Closely related to C. ferrugineus, with which has been considered conspecific. Up to 13 races sometimes recognized: palloris (coast from W Mexico to Panama); continentalis (coast from E Mexico to Panama); maynardi (S Florida and Bahamas); cozumelae (Cozumel I); teres (Greater Antilles except Jamaica); caymanensis (Cayman Is); nesiotes (Jamaica); abbotti (Providencia I, San Andrés I); and, in Lesser Antilles, rileyi (Barbuda, Antigua), dominicae (Montserrat, Guadeloupe, Dominica), vincentis (Martinique, St Lucia, St Vincent) and grenadensis (Bequia, Grenada), with nominate restricted to N South America. All of these, however, were based on small sample sizes; larger series now available reveal no constant differences in colour or size among island populations in West Indies, or between island and continental populations. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Caribbean parts of Florida S through Bahamas to Greater and Lesser Antilles, and Mexico (Sinaloa and Tamaulipas to Yucatán and Oaxaca) S through Central America to Colombia, then E to estuary of R Amazon; Trinidad.

Descriptive notes

34 cm; 56–64 g. Adult greyish brown above, crown greyish, broad black eyeline, flight-feathers brown, tail dark with white oval tips; polymorphic, with dark morph rich... read more

Voice

Low, guttural “gawk gawk gawk gawk gaawk gaawk”, also a single “whit!”.

Habitat

Avicennia mangroves, estuaries, thickets near water, secondary forest, dry scrub and... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, mainly caterpillars and grasshoppers (Acrididae), also crickets, mantids, stick insects, roaches, earwigs, cicadas, stink bugs,... read more

Breeding

Breeds May–Jul in S Florida, Apr–May in Cayman Is, Mar–Oct in Puerto Rico, Jul in Hispaniola, Mar–Jul in Lesser... read more

Movements

Migratory in S Florida and Florida keys, though a few winter records, mainly in inland hardwood... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Generally uncommon to fairly common throughout range. Rare to uncommon in Florida (mainly on Gulf coast and keys), where jeopardized by human... read more

Recommended citation

Payne, R. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Mangrove Cuckoo (Coccyzus minor). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54893 on 20 November 2017).