Family Pittas (Pittidae)

Near Threatened

Mangrove Pitta (Pitta megarhyncha)


Taxonomy

French: Brève des palétuviers German: Mangrovepitta Spanish: Pita de manglar
Taxonomy:

Pitta megarhyncha

Schlegel

, 1863,

Bangka, off south-east Sumatra

.

Sometimes considered conspecific with P. moluccensis, but differs in morphology, plumage pattern and behaviour, separated ecologically, and no apparent interbreeding where ranges come into contact. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Sundarbans of S Bangladesh and adjacent India#R#R patchily S on coast to W Myanmar, W peninsular Thailand, W Peninsular Malaysia (few records in E), Singapore, E Sumatra, Riau Archipelago and Bangka I.

Descriptive notes

18–21 cm; 92–120 g. Adult has top of head grey-brown, sometimes with indistinct thin black median stripe, broad black band from lores back to nape; upperparts... read more

Voice

Loud and clear “hhwa-hwa” or “wieuw-wieuw” or “tu-will” c. 1... read more

Habitat

Coastal mangroves; also recorded from river borders in tidal areas, including inland where... read more

Food and feeding

Molluscs, as well as ants and other insects, found in stomachs; diet thought to consist chiefly of crabs, for which the large bill is... read more

Breeding

Apr–Aug. Domed nest c. 45 cm in diameter, constructed of sticks, dead leaves, grass and coconut fibres, sometimes with mud over roof... read more

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Generally scarce to locally common. Rare and very local in Bangladesh, but common at Khulna. Probably locally... read more

Recommended citation

Erritzoe, J. (2018). Mangrove Pitta (Pitta megarhyncha). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57576 on 15 November 2018).