French: Viréo des mangroves German: Mangrovevireo Spanish: Vireo de manglar
Subspecies and Distribution
V. p. paluster
R. T. Moore, 1938 – W Mexico (SW Sonora S on coast to Nayarit).
V. p. ochraceus
Salvin, 1863 – S Mexico (S Oaxaca) S along coast to Guatemala and W El Salvador (Puerto El Triunfo).
V. p. pallens
Salvin, 1863 – Mangrove Vireo – S Honduras, W Nicaragua and NW Costa Rica.
V. p. nicoyensis
Parkes, 1990 – Gulf of Nicoya, in W Costa Rica.
V. p. salvini
van Rossem, 1934 – SE Mexico (Yucatán Peninsula) and N Belize (including Turneffe Is).
V. p. semiflavus
Salvin, 1863 – Mayan Vireo – Caribbean lowlands of N Guatemala, S Belize, N Honduras and E Nicaragua (Bluefields).
V. p. wetmorei
A. R. Phillips, 1991 – El Cayo, in Bahía de Amatique (N of Puerto Barrios), off extreme E Guatemala.
V. p. angulensis
Parkes, 1990 – Bay Is (off N Honduras).
V. p. browningi
A. R. Phillips, 1991 – SE Nicaragua.
V. p. approximans
Ridgway, 1884 – Providence Vireo – Old Providence I (E of Nicaragua).
11–12 cm; 8·9-13 cm. Nominate race has area above lores buffy or lemon-buff, upperparts dull greenish-brown; flight-feathers dull dark grey, primaries and secondaries... read more
Song quite varied, in Costa Rica a harsh, loud, grating "jee-wee-wee-wee" or a burry... read more
Notable difference between Pacific and Caribbean populations. Former found exclusively in mangroves... read more
Food and feeding
Prey items include spiders (Araneae), small beetles (Coleoptera) and leafhoppers (Cicadellidae); also takes considerable amounts of fruit... read more
Three nests recorded, all in Apr–Jun in Belize. Apparently only one (of race semiflavus) described in detail, a deep, thick-... read more
Apparently sedentary; territories held throughout year in Yucatán Peninsula.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common in suitable habitat.
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