Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Near Threatened

Mantanani Scops-owl (Otus mantananensis)


French: Petit-duc de Mantanani German: Mantanani-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de la Mantanani

Scops mantananensis


, 1892,

Mantanani Island, Borneo


Probably closest to O. magicus, the two being closely allied to the O. manadensis species-group (which see). Previously treated as conspecific with O. scops or O. sunia, but vocally distinct from both. Island population off N Luzon (calayensis), included with O. elegans, is sometimes placed with present species. Sulu form sibutuensis has been considered a race of O. manadensis. Tumindao population, described as form steerei, regarded as inseparable from sibutuensis. Racial allocation highly tentative, however, as no specimens known for many of islands listed. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. m. romblonis McGregor, 1905 – Tres Reyes, Banton, Tablas, Romblon, Sibuyan and Semirara, in C Philippines.
  • O. m. cuyensis McGregor, 1904 – S Calamian Is (Dicabaito, Linapacan) and Cuyo I, in W Philippines.
  • O. m. mantananensis (Sharpe, 1892) – Mantanani I, off N Borneo, and islands off S coast of Palawan.
  • O. m. sibutuensis (Sharpe, 1893) – Sibutu and Tumindao, in SW Sulu Is.
  • Descriptive notes

    c. 18 cm; c. 100–110 g. Smallish scops-owl with brownish and rufous morphs. Facial disc pale buffish with distinct, thin dark border, and narrow whitish eyebrows;... read more


    Male generally a deep, nasal, goose-like honk, repeated at intervals of c. 5–6 seconds; this... read more


    Forest, woodland, coconut groves and casuarina trees; hunts at edges of wood, in clearings and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Apparently mostly insects.


    Few records suggest nesting occurs Jan–May. Presumably nests in tree cavity, but nest with two eggs seen on Tablas I on 29 Mar 2002... read more


    Resident throughout range.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Sulu Archipelago EBA and Palawan EBA. Noted as common on... read more

    Recommended citation

    Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Mantanani Scops-owl (Otus mantananensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).