Belongs to the large species-group centred on P. purpuratus (which see), forming part of the subgroup centred on that same species. A distinctive species, notable for its striking sexual dichromatism; previously linked by some to P. superbus (with P. temminckii). Race mariae fairly distinctive on account of male’s slightly smaller red cap (1) and glossy green subterminal outer tailband (on most birds) (1), and female’s yellow (not rose-red) undertail-coverts (not always constant; but 2). Proposed race cupidineus (Tonga), supposedly greener above, assumed to have been based on comparison with atypical Fijian birds#R. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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