Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Many-coloured Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus perousii)


French: Ptilope de La Pérouse German: Perousefruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo multicolor

Ptilinopus perousii


, 1848,

Upolu, Samoa


Belongs to the large species-group centred on P. purpuratus (which see), forming part of the subgroup centred on that same species. A distinctive species, notable for its striking sexual dichromatism; previously linked by some to P. superbus (with P. temminckii). Race mariae fairly distinctive on account of male’s slightly smaller red cap (1) and glossy green subterminal outer tailband (on most birds) (1), and female’s yellow (not rose-red) undertail-coverts (not always constant; but 2). Proposed race cupidineus (Tonga), supposedly greener above, assumed to have been based on comparison with atypical Fijian birds#R. Two subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. p. perousii Peale, 1848 – Samoa and American Samoa.
  • P. p. mariae Pucheran, 1853 – Fiji and Tonga.
  • Descriptive notes

    22–23 cm; 85–93 g. Pale yellowish white above, with crimson band across upper back; forehead and crown crimson; prominent breast patch with purplish pink spots;... read more


    Two main vocalizations. A rhythmic cooing phrase lasting c. 6 seconds starts with 4 –5 drawn-out... read more


    A bird of the forest canopy, feeding and perching in the crowns of tall trees; usually found in... read more

    Food and feeding

    Completely frugivorous; in Tutuila, American Samoa, feeds almost exclusively on two species of banyans, Ficus prolixa and F.... read more


    Limited data suggest nesting may occur all year round. Nest is a fragile platform of twigs, often fairly high above the ground and placed... read more


    Probably travels widely in search of favoured food; in American Samoa, birds appeared in large... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally uncommon and local even in undisturbed areas, although its apparently nomadic habits make assessment of numbers difficult.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Many-coloured Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus perousii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).