Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Maracaibo Tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum viridanum)


French: Todirostre du Maracaïbo German: Kurzschwanz-Todityrann Spanish: Titirijí de Maracaibo

Todirostrum viridanum


, 1927,

Río Aurare, 12 miles [c. 19 km] south of Altagracia, Zulia, Venezuela




Coastal Zulia and Falcón, including the Paraguaná Peninsula, in NW Venezuela.

Descriptive notes

9–10·2 cm. Has black lores, ocular region and forecrown, semi-concealed yellowish-white coronal mark, grey hind­crown; distinctive yellowish-white marks on... read more


Song a series of c. 6 sharp “seek” notes.


Semi-arid and arid scrub, thickets and woodland (usually with Acacia, Cercidium... read more

Food and feeding

Arthropods. Forages usually in pairs, sometimes alone, in dense scrubby vegetation close to ground, sometimes also a little higher in... read more


Breeding reported mainly in May–Jun and Jan–Mar. Nests have been found in Jun and Nov. Eggs Jun. Nest apparently built by both... read more


Probably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Caribbean Colombia and Venezuela EBA. Fairly common. Although there are still large expanses of... read more

Recommended citation

Walther, B. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Maracaibo Tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum viridanum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).