French: Pénélope marail German: Marailguan Spanish: Pava marail
Subspecies and Distribution
P. m. marail
(Statius Müller, 1776) – E Venezuela S of R Orinoco and the Guianas.
P. m. jacupeba
Spix, 1825 – N Brazil N of R Amazon (E of R Branco); SE Venezuela often said to form part of this subspecies’ range, but no evidence for this#R.
63–68 cm; male 772–1310 g, female 770–1450 g. Male apparently larger than female, based on mean mass. Has greenish-olive gloss on back, wings and central... read more
Wing-whirring displays each lasting c. 5 seconds (3–4 per day) are typically given entirely... read more
Heavy tropical forest, especially near water, near coast or inland; less often in second growth.... read more
Food and feeding
Almost exclusively fruit. Diet well studied in French Guiana; quite selective, with only 24 species of plant recorded, and four (... read more
Laying Oct–Nov in French Guiana, with chicks recorded from Nov; in Surinam eggs recorded Dec–Feb and well-grown chicks observed... read more
Few data available, but presumably sedentary and a study in Surinam revealed that three separate... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total population estimated at c. 150,000 individuals. Hunting pressure is probably greater concern than habitat destruction over most... read more
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