Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Mariana Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus roseicapilla)


French: Ptilope des Mariannes German: Rosenkopf-Fruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo de las Marianas
Other common names: Rose-capped Fruit-dove

Columba roseicapilla


, 1831,

Marianas Islands


Belongs to the large species-group centred on P. purpuratus (which see); within this, forms part of the subgroup centred on P. porphyraceus (which see); genetic data place it closest to P. richardsii#R. Monotypic.


Northern Mariana Is (Saipan, Tinian, Agiguan and Rota). Extirpated on Guam#R.

Descriptive notes

22–24 cm; 92 g. Forehead, crown and malar patch deep rose-red; cap bordered with greenish yellow; remainder of head, neck, upper back and breast dark silvery grey; rest... read more


Advertising call is a stereotypic rhythmic cooing phrase c. 10 seconds long. This phrase starts... read more


Found in various types of forested habitat; appears to prefer mature native forest, but also occurs... read more

Food and feeding

Frugivorous; recorded food plants include Triphasia, Guettarda, Scaevola, Ficus, Cestrum and... read more


Nesting probably all year round on Guam, with confirmed records for all months except Dec and Feb. Nest is a crude, flat platform c. 13 cm... read more


No information on movements. Flight swift and direct, usually covering short distances of 20–... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Previously considered Near Threatened. Vulnerable. The population has most recently (2007–2012) been estimated at 16,230 birds: 9,723 on Saipan, 2,269 on... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Mariana Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus roseicapilla). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 December 2019).