Cayenne; error = Espírito Santo, Brazil.
Closely related to and may be conspecific with P. devillei (see above). Intermediate populations formerly placed in separate race, kriegi, now synonymized with nominate. Has been suggested that present species may be conspecific also with P. molinae#R. Form P. borelli (known from N Paraguay and SC Brazil), in the past sometimes treated as a valid species, is considered a synonym of chiripepe. Two subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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