Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Maroon-fronted Parrot (Rhynchopsitta terrisi)


French: Conure à front brun German: Maronenstirnsittich Spanish: Cotorra serrana oriental

Rhynchopsitta terrisi

R. T. Moore

, 1947,

near Galeana, Sierra Potosí, Nuevo León, Mexico


Closely related to R. pachyrhyncha, with which has often been considered conspecific, recent genetic analysis reinforcing this view#R, but differs in its maroon vs red forecrown and supercilium, with associated darker colours elsewhere in plumage (2), yellow underwing stripe vs none (3), cliff-nesting vs tree-nesting habit (1), and larger size (from published measurements#R at least 1). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Mexico in Sierra Madre Oriental, occurring in SE Coahuila and CW Nuevo León; in winter also in Tamaulipas and Querétaro.

Descriptive notes

40–45 cm; 392–468 g. Very like R. pachyrhyncha but slightly darker green with darker shoulder patch, red of head dark maroon, greater underwing-coverts... read more


Various screeches and squawks, with a distinct nasal yelping quality. Also an almost laughing '... read more


Mixed conifer forest generally at 2000–3500 m.

Food and feeding

Principally seeds of pines including Pinus arizonica, P. gregii, P. teocote, P. montezumae and P.... read more


As in R. pachyrhyncha, nesting coincides with pine crop ripening, and variation in timing no less dramatic, with breeding... read more


Although some birds may remain throughout year at given sites, there appears to be a fairly regular... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES I. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species, confined to the Sierra Madre Oriental, Mexico. Considered Vulnerable until 2011, but all individuals... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Maroon-fronted Parrot (Rhynchopsitta terrisi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).