Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Maroon Woodpecker (Blythipicus rubiginosus)


French: Pic porphyroïde German: Maronenspecht Spanish: Pito herrumbroso

Hemicircus rubiginosus


, 1837,

western Africa; error = Malacca, Peninsular Malaysia


Birds from Sumatra and Borneo described as race parvus, on average slightly smaller than N ones, but overlap considerable, and minor variations in plumage considered insufficient to warrant racial separation. Monotypic.


S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and SW Thailand S to Sumatra and Borneo.

Descriptive notes

23–24 cm; 64–92 g. Male has dull olive-brown head, paler feather tips on forehead, crimson tips on side of nape, often also of hindcrown and occasionally in malar... read more


Metallic “pit”, “pyick” or “kyuk” notes; sometimes double... read more


Understorey of primary and secondary evergreen forest, second growth, bamboo, and rubber... read more

Food and feeding

Beetle larvae and other insect larvae form bulk of diet. Feeds singly or in pairs. Forages in very low strata, usually below 6 m, moving... read more


Dec–May in Malaysia, and nests found in Jan in uplands of Borneo; season probably extends to Aug. Crest-raising and wing-flicking are... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common in Thailand, common in Peninsular Malaysia, and common in Sumatra and Borneo. Occurs in several protected areas, including Khao Nor Chuchi... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Maroon Woodpecker (Blythipicus rubiginosus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).