Family Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae)

Endangered

Marsh Tapaculo (Scytalopus iraiensis)


Taxonomy

French: Mérulaxe herbicole German: Flussauentapaculo Spanish: Churrín palustre
Taxonomy:

Scytalopus iraiensis

Bornschein et al.

, 1998,

right bank of Rio Iraí, c. 900 m, Quatro Barras, Paraná, Brazil

.

Apparently closest to S. speluncae#R (which see) and S. gonzagai. Monotypic.

Distribution:

S Brazil locally in Minas Gerais#R, E Paraná#R, SE Santa Catarina and E Rio Grande do Sul#R#R.

Descriptive notes

10·5 cm; male 14·5–15 g, two females 12·4 g. A small, dark tapaculo. Adult is black or blackish above; below, grey of throat grades to dark grey on... read more

Voice

Song of 30 or more seconds’ duration, first notes longer, churred, lower-pitched, with... read more

Habitat

Tall, dense, seasonally inundated grassland dominated by fairly uniform cover of spike-rush (... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on insects, including bugs (Hemiptera), cicadas (Cicadidae), beetles, eggs of cockroaches (Blattodea), and other small arthropods.... read more

Breeding

Specimen in Dec had partially developed gonads; gonads inactive in three others collected in May and Jun. No other information.

Movements

Probably sedentary.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Rare; total population estimated at fewer than 1000 birds, possibly only half that. Has been located in 24 localities, in all of which only limited habitat... read more

Recommended citation

Krabbe, N.K. & Schulenberg, T.S. (2018). Marsh Tapaculo (Scytalopus iraiensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/56941 on 11 December 2018).