Family Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae)


Marsh Tapaculo (Scytalopus iraiensis)


French: Mérulaxe herbicole German: Flussauentapaculo Spanish: Churrín palustre

Scytalopus iraiensis

Bornschein et al.

, 1998,

right bank of Rio Iraí, c. 900 m, Quatro Barras, Paraná, Brazil


Apparently closest to S. speluncae#R (which see) and S. gonzagai. Monotypic.


S Brazil locally in Minas Gerais#R, E Paraná#R, SE Santa Catarina and E Rio Grande do Sul#R#R.

Descriptive notes

10·5 cm; male 14·5–15 g, two females 12·4 g. A small, dark tapaculo. Adult is black or blackish above; below, grey of throat grades to dark grey on... read more


Song of 30 or more seconds’ duration, first notes longer, churred, lower-pitched, with... read more


Tall, dense, seasonally inundated grassland dominated by fairly uniform cover of spike-rush (... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on insects, including bugs (Hemiptera), cicadas (Cicadidae), beetles, eggs of cockroaches (Blattodea), and other small arthropods.... read more


Specimen in Dec had partially developed gonads; gonads inactive in three others collected in May and Jun. No other information.


Probably sedentary.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Rare; total population estimated at fewer than 1000 birds, possibly only half that. Has been located in 24 localities, in all of which only limited habitat... read more

Recommended citation

Krabbe, N.K. & Schulenberg, T.S. (2020). Marsh Tapaculo (Scytalopus iraiensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).